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Être et avoir

a film by Nicolas Philibert

2002 – France
Documentary - 1:44

official website

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Official selection, Cannes 2002

Cesar 2003 for best editor - Nicolas Philibert


All over France there are still examples of what are known as “single-class schools” that bring together all the children of a village around one teacher, from kindergarten to the last year of elementary school. Between isolation and opening to the world, these eclectic little groups share everyday life, for better and for worse. This film was shot in one such school, somewhere in the heart of Auvergne in the French countryside.



(4 yrs)

Marie (4 yrs) and Jonathan (10yrs)


Georges Lopez with JoJo
(4 yrs)

Georges Lopez with Marie
(4 yrs) JoJo
(4 yrs) and
Alizé (3 yrs)






Virginia Commonwealth University University of Richmond University of Richmond